The breeding programme
The Slovenian Beekeepers’ Association, in collaboration with the Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, is conducting a Carniolan honey bee breeding programme.
The breeding programme aims to accomplish the following:
- Maintain the purity of the Carniola honey bee,
- Maintain genetic diversity,
- Maintain the docility of the bees and improve it,
- Increase honey yields per hive.
The breeding programme includes several selection levels. At the first level, the basic selection is performed by the beekeepers taking part in the programme.
This involves monitoring the qualities of the bee families in their hives and replacing the queen bee, if necessary.
The second level includes queen bee breeders, who perform the selection under the supervision of the Agricultural Institute of Slovenia and the authorised breeding organisation (the Slovenian Beekeepers’ Association). The Agricultural Institute of Slovenia also issues licenses for the queen bees.